Category Archives: Electronics

Basic logic gates

In any digital electronics textbook you will find description on various logic operations and different logic gates; e.g. AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, XOR and XNOR. But AND, OR and NOT these three gates are known as basic gates. Because you can design any other logic gates or digital electronics circuits using only these three… Read the rest

Electronic and electric

Sometimes these two words are confusing for many of us. As we know electricity is flow of electrons, what is the distinction between the two; where a transistor or a diode also allows the flow of electrons? In simple words electronics is a branch of engineering where current through vacuum tube, gas tube or semiconductor… Read the rest

NOR gate

In this series of ‘digital electronics’ I have already discussed about three basic gates and NAND gate, which is a widely used gate in digital electronics. Now my topic is NOR gate. Definition of NOR operation NOR operation is a Boolean operation where output is true if all operands are false. In terms of NOR… Read the rest

NAND gate

AND, OR and NOT are three basic operations in Boolean algebra; and AND, OR and NOT gates are three basic gates in digital electronics. Actually all logic gates are made of these three gates. Definition of NAND operation NAND operation is a Boolean operation where output is false only if all operands are true. In… Read the rest

NOT gate or inverter

NOT gate is a logic gate circuit which performs NOT operation on input. Its output logic level is always opposite to input. In other words NOT gate inverts its input. Unlike AND and OR gates NOT gate always has single input. NOT gate symbol Truth table for NOT operation Figure below shows a NOT gate… Read the rest

NOT operation

NOT operation is the last basic Boolean operation. We have seen in OR and AND operation that these are performed on two or more inputs. But NOT operation is performed on single input. NOT operation simply gives opposite logic state of its input logic state. i.e. if input logic is 1 output will be 0… Read the rest