In this series of ‘digital electronics’ I have already discussed about three basic gates and NAND gate, which is a widely used gate in digital electronics. Now my topic is NOR gate.
Definition of NOR operation
NOR operation is a Boolean operation where output is true if all operands are false.
In terms of NOR gate
NOR gate circuit is a logic circuit where output is always zero except when all inputs are zero.
Like NAND gate truth table there is an important point to note in NOR gate truth table also. At first we may consider OR operation on two operands (inputs) A and B, after that we are inverting the result with NOT operation. This is how NOR gate works.
NOR gate in simple words
NOR gate is like connecting an OR gate output to a NOT gate input like the figure below:
NOR gate may have three or more inputs
Boolean expression for NOR gate operation is given below which is read as x = not A+B,
Like NAND gate, NOR gate is also a universal gate, it’s possible to construct any kind of gate using only NOR gates.
The output will be high only if both transistors are at cut-off state. But if any one of the inputs goes high it will bias respective transistor which will take output at low state that is in line with NOR gate truth table.
NOR gate IC
Various NOR gate ICs are available in market, 7402 is one of them. It’s a 14 pin two input NOR gate IC where four NOR gates are packed. It works on 5 volt power supply.